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Gaining confidence from these successes, BBL went public in a big way in early 2003 by getting their theory published by the prestigious National Academy Press in a book by Bailey. Under the highly stigmatizing title The Man Who Would Be Queen: The Science of Gender-Bending and Transsexualism, the book included gonzo cover art of a very masculine man's hairy, gnarly legs in high heels. Incredibly, Blanchard's theory was asserted in the book as if it were a scientific fact. There was no mention of the much more recent research indicating the existence of biologically gendered identities. The stage was thus set for a huge controversy between the BBL clique and almost the entire trans community.
This became a defining moment for the transsexual community. Upon reading the many transphobic statements in the book, trans people all around the world organized by means of the internet to investigate, critique and counter the ideas that BBL were propagating. Upon investigation, a mass of evidence was uncovered indicating that Bailey had not conducted his research and publication work in conformity with accepted norms and ethical guidelines for scientific research.
Numerous complaints were then filed by Bailey's research subjects with Northwestern University with the help of volunteer trans investigators. Bailey was accused of not informing his subjects that they were research subjects, of publishing details of their confidential case histories in his book without permission, of seducing a grateful research subject (for whom he'd written a letter of approval for SRS) into having sex with him following her surgery, and other similarly major misconduct.
As a result, Northwestern opened a formal investigation into Bailey's ethical conduct and research methods. In the process, HBIGDA (the international professional organization of researchers and clinicians who set the standards of care for transsexual people) wrote an open letter to Northwestern denouncing Bailey's book for its very damaging impact on relations between sex-researchers and the trans community. Stunned by HBIGDA's rebuff of his protégé (and by implication of his theory), Blanchard resigned from HBIGDA in a huff, rather than face having many members turn their backs on him.
The prestigious Southern Poverty Law Center then denounced Bailey's book as "Queer Science", in a special investigative report on violence against trans women. Blanchard's theory and early research papers were then deconstructed and shown to be fatally flawed by Madeline H. Wyndzen, Ph.D., in an extensive analysis published on the internet. Investigations then revealed that Lawrence had earlier been forced to resign her position as an anesthesiologist under the cloud of an investigation into moral turpitude. Finally, as a result of Northwestern's secretive internal investigation, Bailey was forced to resign his intellectual leadership position as Chairman of the Psychology Department in the fall of 2004. Stepping back down into a regular faculty position, Bailey was silent about what had happened. His and Northwestern's silence spoke volumes for the disgrace that he'd brought upon himself.
For more about the Blanchard's theory, Bailey's book and the subsequent decline and fall of Bailey, Blanchard and Lawrence - see Andrea James' BBL Clearinghouse, Lynn Conway's Investigative report on Bailey's book and Joan Roughgarden's essay "Psychology Perverted". Scholars, ethicists and historians of science will find further detailed documentation of this scientific fiasco in the online timeline of events and links to evidence.
Unfortunately, this was only the latest in a long series of rogue theories of transsexualism by psychiatrists, academics and sexologists. In the future, instead of inventing highly stigmatizing labels for transsexual women and incessantly arguing amongst themselves about the meanings of those labels, sexologists should do something more productive: They should conduct real-world follow-ups of actual gender transitions, and help us learn which factors lead to positive transition outcomes and which do not.
Meantime when you hear the word "autogynephilia", translate it back into "transvestic fetishism". Then ask yourself: Did that term have any real meaning either? Or was it also merely a stigmata parading as a scientific label? For more enlightenment about invented words that define non-existing phenomena to be "mental illnesses", you might also read about the the non-existence of "nymphomania" and its parallels with the non-existence of "autogynephilia":
LynnConway.com > TS Information > Transvestic Fetishism and Autogynephilia: Labels or Stigmata?